Kids Count: Report on Child Well-Being, Health says State Leads in Smoking Pregnant Mothers
KY FORWARD | MOLLY BURCHETT | DECEMBER 10, 2013
The annual Kids Count report on children’s well-being, released Tuesday, Dec. 10, by the Annie E. Casey Foundation and Kentucky Youth Advocates, says the state leads the nation in smoking by pregnant mothers and more than one in four children in Kentucky lived in poverty in 2012.
It argues for improvements in preventive care and newborn health throughout the state.
The report is part of the 23rd annual release of the County Data Book, which contains a wide range of county-by-county data that are indicators of children’s well-being. Unlike previous annual reports, this one ranks Kentucky counties on overall child well-being and on four domains: economic security, education, health, and family and community strength.
The county-by-county assessment found seven counties that scored substantially higher on overall child well-being rankings: Boone, Calloway, Meade, Oldham, Spencer, Washington and Woodford. The six counties clearly at the bottom, in descending order, were Owsley, Knox, Elliot, Martin, Fulton and Clay.
Health affects almost every aspect of child well-being. On the four scores in the Health domain – smoking during pregnancy, low-birthweight babies, asthma hospitalizations and teen births – Oldham and Boone counties scored much higher than other counties, and Bell and Fulton counties in the southeastern and southwestern corners of the state scored the lowest.
The data from this year’s Kids Count book, as well as new and historical data for the many other indicators Kentucky Youth Advocates tracks, can be found at the Kids Count Data Center by clicking here. The data cover counties, school districts, cities and Metro Louisville council districts.
Based on the latest available data from 34 comparable states, in 2011 Kentucky had the highest rate of women who smoked during pregnancy. Nationally, 9 percent smoked during pregnancy while 23 percent did in Kentucky.
In addition to babies born to mothers who smoke during pregnancy, those born to teenage mothers are at increased risk of low birth weight and other health problems, says the report.
While the state’s rate of births to teenage mothers has declined each year since 2007, it remains higher than the national average, which has shown a similar decline.
There were 43 teen births for every 1,000 females aged 15-19 in 2011, compared to the national rate of 31. The report says Oldham County had the lowest rate of teen births (1.3 percent) while McCreary County had the highest (8.6 percent).
It also says the most effective way to keep reducing teen births rate is to educate young people about sex and risky sexual behaviors, and to provide access to contraceptive methods.
While Kentucky has made progress in providing health-care coverage for children and newborns, the state is among the leaders in childhood obesity, diabetes and asthma, and has a greater-than-average number of children with disabilities or other chronic health problems like cystic fibrosis or heart disease, the report says. “Yet families face many hurdles when they seek treatment for their children. They may lack health insurance or lack transportation,” it says. “Some areas do not have enough health-care providers.”